HOCHSTRASSER, TIMOTHY "Thomasius, Christian (1655–1728) He attracted even more attention, however, when he began to severely criticize the prejudices, pedantry, and intolerance of the scholars and theologians at Leipzig. He often presented his doctrines as only hypothetical and spoke of "my own" philosophy, renouncing absolute truth. Bloch, Ernst. In 1687 he became the first German university professor to lecture in German instead of Latin. His outspoken views, however, brought reaction, and in 1690 he was forbidden to lecture or publish. The incarnation of Jesus Christ has been a subject of attention from the earliest decades of the formation of the Christian Church. . Sidan redigerades senast den 26 augusti 2020 kl. His theological enemies forced him to move in 1690 to the Ritterakademie in Halle. Innehållet i sin filosofi hämtade han från det vardagliga förnuftet, i ett slags common sense-filosofi, varmed han blev en hätsk motståndare till skolastiken. ." The period from 1694 to 1705 is known as Thomasius's Pietist period, but his acceptance of Pietism was eased by substantial similarities between his own views and those of the Pietists. History of European Ideas 23(2-4) (1997): 59–79. He escaped by going to Berlin, and the elector Frederick III offered him a refuge in Halle, with a salary of 500 thaler and permission to lecture. In sum, Thomasius can be considered as one of the first writers in Germany to place the individual at the heart of moral and legal theory, although he did not draw the same liberal consequences for political theory as were extracted elsewhere by John Locke (1632–1704) and other contemporary philosophers. The Introductio presented his theory of man and covered psychology and theory of knowledge, knowledge being obtained through the senses only. About 1694 Thomasius underwent a personal religious and philosophical crisis. Halle, 1705. He pursued the study of law at Frankfurt and began teaching at the University of Leipzig in 1684. Educational reform, stemming from a revision of the traditional responsibilities of the faculties of philosophy, law, and theology, would thus usher in substantial changes for ecclesiology, political responsibility, and confessional coexistence. 17 Oct. 2020 . On matters of Church law, he emphasized that, since the Church was an institution within the domain of the state, the power of the state was supreme over the Church although not necessarily over the moral lives of individual Church members. Christian Thomasius. Grotius, Pufendorf, Thomasius. Wolffianism became dominant after 1730, but a few Pietist centers remained. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Vol 2, edited by Venant Cauchy. There is no adequate biography of Thomasius. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/thomasius-christian-1655-1728, Tonelli, Giorgio "Thomasius, Christian (1655–1728) Thomasius, Christian (1655-1728): German philosopher and jurist.. Born and educated in Leipzig as well as in the University of Frankfurt, where in 1679 he took his degree in law, Thomasius practiced as a private lecturer there, forgoing usual custom by lecturing … Christian Thomasius, född 1 januari 1655 i Leipzig, död 23 september 1728 i Halle, var en tysk upplysnings filosof och naturrättsteoretiker, som deltog i att grunda universitetet i Halle och var den förste akademikern som skrev och undervisade på tyska i stället för på latin.Han var förfader till Gottfried Thomasius During this transitional period he developed his "practical philosophy" and initial proposals for reform of the traditional university curriculum.