C 1 → Meth Methane CH 4. For carbon chains with length of 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10 atoms, the prefixes are “hex-,” “hept-,” “oct-,” “non-,” and “dec-,” respectively. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. They contain no double or triple bonds in their carbon skeletons and, therefore, have the maximum number of carbon to hydrogen covalent bonds. In linear alkanes, the carbon atoms are joined in a snake-like structure. Visit the College Chemistry: Help and Review page to learn more. They are commonly found in fuel sources, like natural gas and petroleum. Nissa has a masters degree in chemistry and has taught high school science and college level chemistry. Their adjacent atoms are connected with sigma bonds and form tetrahedral centers around the carbon atoms. Wikimedia%20Commons The series contains methane (CH4), ethane (C2H6), propane (C3H8), butane (C4H10), pentane (C5H12), and so on. Alkanes have the general formula CnH2n+2. Alkanes are named with the suffix “-ane” following the hydrocarbon prefixes. Decisions Revisited: Why Did You Choose a Public or Private College? flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? In this example, n=1. Decalin is an alkane that has two rings fused together, so it is classified as a cyclic alkanes, with a general chemical formula of CnH2(n+1-g). However, they do participate in reactions with oxygen (combustion) and halogens. Alkane Alkane. The simplest possible alkane is methane (CH4). The chemical structure of alkanes only consists of single bonds. Let's try and see if n = 5 and g = 2 follows the general chemical formula of cyclic alkanes. Branched alkanes are derived from linear alkanes, but instead of having just a straight chain in their chemical structure, it is branched with one or more alkyl groups. Due to the general structure of alkenes, they always have twice as many hydrogens as carbons. courses that prepare you to earn Alkanes are hydrocarbon atoms that consist of single bonds. The general formula of cyclic alkanes is: Let's take a look at a few examples of alkanes. Theoretical Yield: Definitions & Formulas, Quiz & Worksheet - Double Displacement Reaction, Characteristics & Chemicals of Life Lesson Plans, CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, CPA Subtest III - Financial Accounting & Reporting (FAR): Study Guide & Practice, ANCC Family Nurse Practitioner: Study Guide & Practice, Top 50 K-12 School Districts for Teachers in Georgia, Finding Good Online Homeschool Programs for the 2020-2021 School Year, Coronavirus Safety Tips for Students Headed Back to School, Parent's Guide for Supporting Stressed Students During the Coronavirus Pandemic, Ramon Barba: Biography, Contributions & Inventions, Effects of Development on Physiology & Pathophysiology, Implementing Risk Stratification in Clinical Practice, Evaluating the Impact of Clinical Nursing Specialist Practice on Systems of Care, Quiz & Worksheet - Situational Crime Prevention, Quiz & Worksheet - Paleolithic Period Weapons, Flashcards - Real Estate Marketing Basics, Flashcards - Promotional Marketing in Real Estate, Teaching ELL Students | Strategies for English Language Learners | Study.com, ACT Compass Writing Skills Test: Practice & Study Guide, Accuplacer Math: Advanced Algebra and Functions Placement Test Study Guide, Learning & Conditioning: Homeschool Curriculum, Prentice Hall Algebra 2 Chapter 6: Polynomials and Polynomial Functions, Quiz & Worksheet - Financial Statements & Departmentalized Companies, Quiz & Worksheet - Teaching Students with Executive Function Disorder, Quiz & Worksheet - Reagan's Role in the Cold War, Quiz & Worksheet - How to Write an Autobiography, Characteristics of Beowulf as a Tragic Hero, The New Deal Lesson for Kids: Summary & Facts, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. The formula of spiro[2.2]pentane is C5H8. CC BY-SA 3.0. http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/hydrocarbon