The American Motors Mighty-Mite was developed in the mid-1940s as a lightweight alternative to the Jeep that could be more easily deployed by helicopter. Cam trouble on the 230 was common due to oils that weren't yet up to the task back then. Ammo-box tool storage was added in the rear corners. The original deal was for AMC to buy the design, eventually moving manufacturing to the United States. That proved to be one of those “good in theory” ideas that didn’t work in practice. An odd feature of the MARCO MM-100 was that to save weight the engine exhaust was routed through the vehicle’s frame. When Nash and Hudson merged to form AMC in 1954 all the Hudson bodies were dropped for the 1955 model year. This engine was used in the following vehicles: American Motors designed an entirely new six cylinder for 1964, and this version was in constant production by AMC and Chrysler through 2006. The AMC Mighty Mite also had available for it deep-water fording equipment. Transmission: NP4300 4-speed, integral single-speed transfer case It produces 55 hp and uses a single-barrel Holley carburetor. serial number 1356. is the earliest known A1 model in existence. A snorkel kit and waterproof 24V electrical system give the Mighty Mite a 60-inch fording depth. and this Mite. © 2020 Four Wheeler | MOTOR TREND GROUP, LLC. 1963 AMC Mighty Mite Was a V-4 Mini Jeep Built for US Marines, and Now It's for Sale Jeeps are cool and all, but they are-- for better or worse --a dime a dozen. AMC went through three generations of its V8 Block, though the most famous are its third generation blocks used in muscle cars. See AMC Straight-6 engine. Suspension is weight-saving four-wheel independent with quarter-elliptical springs. Late in 1956 AMC introduced their GEN-1 design as a 250, used only in Ambassador and Hornet Specials. The US Army M-715 and derivatives used it through the 60s and early 70s. It was a very dependable engine with reports of them going 250,000 mi. [1] This engine was unsuitable for regular passenger car use mainly due to its relatively small displacement and power output. This was the only major Hudson component left - it dated back to the 40s. The "Dauntless" 225 cu in (3.7 L) V6 engine was introduced in the 1966 Kaiser CJ and as an option in the C101 Jeepster Commando. Jon has done radio, television, magazine and newspaper interviews on various issues, and has traveled extensively, having lived in Britain, Australia, China and Hong Kong. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Tech Specs In 1984 AMC introduced their own four cylinder engine design. The gearbox is a three-speed manual with integral transfer case. Engine: 108ci air-cooled AMC AV-108-4 V-4 unit developing 52 bhp and 90 lb/ft of torque. These are both silent movies. The AMC Mighty Mite also had available for it deep-water fording equipment. As can be seen in this picture the AMC M422 has inboard drum brakes front and rear with a fully independent suspension. 1963 American Motors M422A1 Mighty-Mite The Elkhart Collection 55 hp, 1.8-liter V-4 engine Four-speed manual transmission Equipped with four-wheel-drive transfer case A military jeep built for air-drop Marine use The Nash OHV six, dating back to 1934, was a totally different design than the Rambler 195.6. Official records show that 3,922 Mighty Mites were built. One of the lesser known but better 4WD created was the AMC Mighty Mite which was designed according to parameters set down by the US Marine Corps. In '72 both 232 and 258 changed bell pattern to match AMC V8s, at the same time AMC switched from Borg-Warner to Chrysler automatic transmissions. 1961 M422A1 Mighty Mite. VW/Audi/Porsche U.S. spec engines produced 110 hp in mid-1977; earlier models produced 95 hp -- 15 hp to 30 hp less than the AMC version. this would be number 7. All Rambler models, whether badged Hudson or Nash, used the Rambler 195.6. This faded hood graphic indicates the compact Jeep was used for a “Geological Survey,” an expedition that would likely have appreciated the Mighty Mite’s robust off-road abilities and compact size for maneuvering through tight spaces. In '71 AMC raised the block height and increased the stroke on the 199 and early 232 motors. AMC got the military contract for an approximately 1,700-pound, 1⁄4-ton 4x4. The 121 Cu in was an advanced design overhead camshaft four-cylinder engine bought from Audi/Volkswagen 1977 through 1979. In the 1950s, the Marines needed a lighter-than-Jeep vehicle for Vertical Envelopment Operations in Southeast Asia. You will find the eBay sale page for this car if you click here. As part of the agreement, AMC was not to use the VW or Audi names when referring to the engine. Back . AMC used a carburetor and standard points ignition as well as slightly larger clearances. He also upgraded the fabric-on-frame stock seats for forklift ones. Jeep Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. Marines apparently raved about its ride quality compared to leaf-sprung Jeeps. The Specials were actually the slightly smaller and lighter Statesman/Wasp two door hardtop bodies with Ambassador/Hornet trim. AMC won the military contract over MARCO (which did much of the Mighty Mite development using ex-Bantam BRC engineers) largely because of the AMC V-4 air-cooled engine. The engine was built to AMC specs, which are different from Audi/VW/Porshe specifications. The initial 1,045 were the 65-inch-wheelbase M422 model. The vehicle had a fully independent suspension with inboard drum brakes mounted to the front and rear differentials. While not an AMC design and never used in an AMC vehicle, this engine is included because it is often confused with the AMC/Jeep 232, which Kaiser Jeep purchased to replace the SOHC Kaiser engine 230 cu in (3.8 L) in 1965. If you are in the market for a collectible yet usable 4WD then this one might just be worth looking at. American Motors used several four-cylinder engine designs. The crew and fuel load had to be factored into that 2650lb limit so the USMC wanted as light a vehicle as possible. A closer look at the Mighty Mite makes it clear that weight, … It was purchased by AMC from 1979 through 1983 as the base option in the RWD Spirit and Concord, the AWD Eagle models, economy versions of Jeep CJs, and in postal Jeeps. I was told by another source that the M422A1 serial numbers started at 1350. so if this is true. 1961 AMC M422A1 Mighty Mite - Tin Solider. The engine was known at the time for its power and reliability. The Ambassador and Statesman received a hasty grille/taillight/trim/dash restyling to create the new Hudson Hornet and Wasp. This is the same as Chrysler Big Block V-8s, and more similar to other big blocks than small blocks. There was also a set of floats made for it so the Mighty Mite could cross deep water using its spinning wheels as “paddle wheels” for propulsion and steering. From the factory that equipment was pre-installed except for the pipes. I have talked with several people. Front Axle: Dana 27, Powr-Lok, 5.38 gears, inboard brake drums They were only used in 1955-56 Nash Ambassadors and Hudson Hornets. It would idle slowly, but not as smooth as other engines, especially the inline sixes. The GEN-1 engine is rather bulky and heavy for its displacement. In the 1950s, the Marines needed a lighter-than-Jeep vehicle for Vertical Envelopment Operations in Southeast Asia. To keep the weight down, the M422 became the first U.S. jeep to be fitted with an aluminum body. This single-speed transfer case has a 5.24:1 First gear, serving as a fourth forward gear when the shift-on-the-fly 4WD is engaged. The engine was an odd-fire V6, meaning that TDC for the cylinders was not evenly spaced around the engine but grouped in pairs. We need to remember that this was made in the days of 16mm film and for color back in those days we are talking about USD$10.00-$15.00 per minute for silent film and much more for sound. One of his fondest memories was driving his dad, a WWII vet, in the Mighty Mite at Veterans Day parades. Hudson six cylinder cars retained the Hudson L-head six, 308 CID in the Hornet and 202 CID in the Wasp. To keep its weight down the AMC Mighty Mite was the first American 4WD vehicle to use an aluminum body. Corrosion caused by exhaust gases and moisture weakened the frame quite rapidly so the design was changed. The AMC M422 Mighty Mite borrowed ideas from the MARCO MM-100 but instead of a Porsche flat four air cooled engine it used an AMC air cooled V4 engine. Also, this was the first U.S. small military vehicle designed with independent suspension all around (front: leading arms/trailing arms rear), sprung by ¼-elliptical leaf springs.