The usual treatment for hay fever is antihistamines (as tablets, medicines or sprays), steroid nasal sprays or steroid nasal drops. Humidifiers that add moisture to the air may help to break up mucus and soothe inflamed nasal passageways. They can help ease the symptoms of conditions such as colds and flu, hay fever and other allergic reactions, catarrh and sinusitis. Disclaimer: This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. Other less common causes of nasal congestion include: Nasal congestion occurs with a common cold. The muscle emerges from out of the upper jaw’s incisive fossa, which is a bone…, Also known as CN1, the olfactory nerve is the first of 12 cranial nerves located within the head. Check the patient information leaflet that comes with your medicine for advice about how much to take and how often to take it. All rights reserved. It is caused by many different conditions. If the dividing tissue between your two nostrils (nasal septum) is not straight (deviated septum), this can cause nasal congestion. Pink eye in babies is common but can sometimes be more serious. Close menu. Over-the-counter medicines such as paracetamol or ibuprofen may be helpful. For details see our conditions. Steroid nasal drops are more readily absorbed than sprays and can cause similar side-effects to steroid tablets. It may also be caused by the common cold. The spray should be applied directly to the inside of the nose. Your nasal congestion is not getting better after a week or two despite trying the remedies suggested in this leaflet or the leaflet specific to the condition causing it. Infections: the common cold and other respiratory tract infections, including influenza (flu) and sinusitis. There are several types of steroid spray and they come in several brands. These side effects should go away once you stop taking the medicine. Steroid sprays work by reducing the swelling of the inside of the nose. What is the treatment for nasal congestion? An operation is sometimes needed. However, some more vulnerable people may need an antiviral treatment, such as oseltamivir (trade name Tamiflu®) and zanamivir (trade name Relenza®). Very occasionally, a computerised tomography (CT) scan or a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan may be needed. What could be causing your pins and needles? However, if they are causing problems they can be removed (often with the tonsils) by an operation. COVID-19: do I need to wash my shopping and groceries? You may have other symptoms along with the blocked nose. The pain may be worse on bending down. They cannot be used by children under the age of 6 years. Upgrade to Patient Pro Medical Professional? Nasal polyps are fleshy, non-cancerous (benign) swellings that grow inside the nose or sinuses. Symptoms can interfere with infant feedings and can even lead to fatal breathing problems. They come in several brand names. Eucalyptus oil relieves the symptoms of sinus congestion. The treatment is to avoid the allergen if possible. Steroid nasal sprays are safe for adults to use in the long term if needed. The patient information leaflet that comes with your medicine will say who should not use it and who should get advice before using it. They should not be used by the following groups of people without getting advice from a pharmacist or GP first: Decongestants should not be given to children under 6. Most people can use decongestants safely, but they're not suitable for everyone. They are sometimes used in babies who are congested, so they are better able to feed. Children aged 6 to 12 should take them for no longer than 5 days. Always check with your doctor or pharmacist before using a steroid spray for nasal congestion. Steam inhalations just before you go to bed may be beneficial. However, the most common causes get better on their own. nasal steroids, such as mometasone (Asmanex Twisthaler) or fluticasone (Flovent Diskus, Flovent … A pharmacist may be able to help advise if you need some over-the-counter medication to help with the symptoms. You can buy saline drops from a chemist or get them on prescription. Sinusitis is usually treated with painkillers and decongestants. How to treat constipation and hard-to-pass stools. Decongestants in the form of tablets or liquid medicines (syrups) are thought to be safer to take for a longer time if need be. Is it safe to delay your period for your holiday? Hay fever is caused by an allergy to pollen, and is a common cause of a blocked or stuffy nose. Page last reviewed: 28 February 2019 It can be the result of injury or just the shape into which your nose has grown since you were born. Your doctor can then work with you to find the best treatment options for your baby. See the separate leaflets called Acute Sinusitis and Chronic Sinusitis for more details. See the separate leaflet called Decongestants for more details on decongestant drops, and also about decongestant tablets and medicine (see below). Patient is a UK registered trade mark. Decongestant nasal sprays and drops should not be used for more than a week at a time because using them for too long can make your stuffiness worse. It may be helpful to take some medication to make you feel better while you wait for your immune system to fight off the germs. Occasionally antibiotics are needed. For more details, see the leaflet called What do tonsils do? Ask a pharmacist for advice about this. Adenoid glands are fleshy bits of tissue which hang down from the back of the nose. Illness-related congestion usually improves within one week. It may also prevent normal speech and hearing development. Steroid sprays are often used for nasal congestion, particularly when it is caused by allergies such as hay fever or by nasal polyps. Decongestants are a type of medicine that can provide short-term relief for a blocked or stuffy nose (nasal congestion). The most common symptom they cause is a stuffy, runny nose. Speak to a GP if your symptoms do not improve after this time. For example, taking decongestants alongside some antidepressants can cause a dangerous rise in blood pressure. Always be very careful not to burn yourself with boiling water. If you're not sure, ask a pharmacist for advice. They can help ease the symptoms of conditions such as colds and flu, hay fever and other allergic reactions, catarrh and sinusitis. Check out our handy table comparing conditions to colors to…. The most commonly used decongestant drops or sprays are: They come in several different brand names and are available over the counter or on prescription. Yellow, Green, Brown, and More: What Does the Color of My Snot Mean? These all tend to work for a short period of time and need repeating until the cause has gone away.