Community of Practice A community of practice is a group of people that participate in the same activity. Lean-Agile principles and practice promote cross-functional teams and … However, members are brought together by joining in common activities and by 'what they have learned through their mutual engagement in these activities' (Wenger 1998). Previously they corresponded through letters and now it is through e-mail. The largest CoP will have more than one thousand members. However, this can also include people that participate in the same sports, collect various items, use metal detectors, and even raising chickens. They develop a shared repertoire of resources: experiences, stories, tools, ways of addressing recurring problems—in short a shared practice. Garfield (2018) presents a number of principles concerning communities in organizations, including: Botha et al (2008) summarize the key factors regarding communities of practice as follows: Management must understand the advantages, disadvantages, and limitations of communities of practice. CoP takes many forms and knowing these variations is vital as … A community of practice in an organization is composed of people with commitment, passion, and shared expertise that keep them together. It describes a learning theory with a strong relationship to the social construction of knowledge. Storytelling functions as a wisdom repository and is instrumental in the creation of new knowledge. Communities of Practice have three distinct traits. Organizational learning is the practice of learning where the established rules of a trade come to be acknowledged and followed. All rights reserved! Elsevier. Some of the communities meet regularly at a fixed date and time while others will be connected basically through e- mail and through phone and also meet only once or twice a year. The term ‘community of practice’ was coined by Etienne Wenger and Jean Lave in the early 1990s to describe ‘a group of people who share a concern, a set of problems or a passion about a topic, and who deepen their knowledge and expertise by interacting on an ongoing basis’ (Wenger et al., 2002). communities of practice are quite formal in organization, others are very fluid and informal. Many of the communities of practice are distributed over wide areas. For further reading and a very detailed overview on the workings and composition of communities of practice, see this article by Etienne Wenger (one of the founders of the term). Summary: Etienne Wenger summarizes Communities of Practice (CoP) as "groups of people who share a concern or a passion for something they do and learn how to do it better as they interact regularly." Knowledge management (KM) initiatives and systems must therefore be supportive, non-disruptive, and must not enforce canonical practice. They enhance learning and empower people in their work. It is therefore this collective social practice that links individuals together across official organizational boundaries and departments, and makes up the community. Communities require a "critical mass" of members. Enter right registered email to receive password! Likewise t he dark side of commu nit y does . Three components are required in order to be a CoP: (1) the domain, (2) the community, and (3) the practice. LPP links learning to participation within a community of practice. The design of the community will look different depending on … It has been found that it is easier to start a community among the people with same backgrounds but when there is a problem in common then it becomes a strong factor for building a shared practice among people who share little information. Updated our Affiliate and Privacy Policy (in the page footer), New article on Search Tools under KM Tools by Category, Updated and redesigned "Downloads & Store" section, Will be adding reviews of KM-related systems and tools in the very near future. The CoP can be small or big. It is important to note that these are not teams. We ensure premium quality solution document along with free turntin report! Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd. The social construction of identity shapes each person's view and interpretation of the world. Empowerment is key to learning: The best learning environments are created when there are real consequences to the individual and his community of practice. Communities should span organizational, functional and geographic boundaries. A community of practice can be defined as "a group of professionals informally bound to one another through exposure to a common class of problems, common pursuit of solutions, and thereby themselves embodying a store of knowledge" (Stewart 2001 in Botha et al 2008). Others  will bring  together people with different backgrounds like people from various functions who will have to deal with a big customer or a certain country. using temporary cross functional project teams that can leverage knowledge from different areas, apply it, learn, and the redistribute the new knowledge back into the individual members' communities. The size of the communities do matter and the very large communities are structured differently and is usually sub divided by the geographic region or by the subtopic in order to encourage all the members so that they can take part actively . For examples of how these and other collaboration types vary in terms of their temporal or boundary focus and the basis of their members' relationships, see Kietzmann et al. The basic charter for all sponsored Communities of Practice (CoPs) should have three major objectives: To enable colleagues to learn from one another through the sharing of issues, ideas, lessons learned, problems and their solutions, research findings and other relevant aspects of … Communities of Interest, Communities of Practice A community of interest, or a CoI, is described as a network of people who share the same interests, knowledge, and understanding of the best practices for any given subject matter. This learning that takes place is not necessarily intentional. The community of practice (sometimes incorrectly referred to as "communities of practices") consists of members who interact with each other for their pursuit of a common practice. For example, a Community of Practice might be set up for electrical engineers, so that engineers can raise issues and problems, and see if anyone in the community can provide insights and suggest solutions. Communities of practice is a term originally developed by Lave and Wenger (1991). The community of practice (sometimes incorrectly referred to as "communities of practices") consists of members who interact with each other for their pursuit of a common practice. Community – A self-selected group of individuals who care enough about the topic to participate in regular interactions; Figure 1. Define:Community of Practice Communities of practice are groups of people who share a passion for something they know how to do and who interact regularly to learn how to do it better. Learning is seen as deriving from the social process of becoming a practitioner, as it gives the individual a social context of being an integrated part of a community. Brown and Duguid warn against strict canonical focus as it inhibits the problem solving capabilities of the organization. how can I recover my password now! Additionally, organizational learning begins and follows the process of adapting the establishe… Because of local variations it may be difficult to go. Create your account in less than a minutes. Summary: Etienne Wenger summarizes Communities of Practice (CoP) as "groups of people who share a concern or a passion for something they do and learn how to do it better as they interact regularly."